[Twisted-Python] in a factory: assert not self.usedUp

Jean Daniel jeandaniel.browne at gmail.com
Wed Jun 23 12:23:40 EDT 2010


I have three questions on a code examples, and actually I have seen
this pattern in several places in Twisted. The code are copied from

1. In the code below, what is the purpose of an assert checking that
the member attribute promptDeferred is empty in the prompt method? Is
this some kind of documentation saying "the attribute is ALWAYS empty
when this function is called"?

2. It seems that there is the protocol's deferred and the protocol are
unlinked before the deferred is fired. What would happen if the
defered was fired while it is still held in an attribute of the

class TrivialPrompter(basic.LineReceiver):

    from os import linesep as delimiter

    promptDeferred = None

    def prompt(self, msg):

        assert self.promptDeferred is None    #  1.
        self.promptDeferred = defer.Deferred()
        return self.promptDeferred

    def display(self,msg):

    def lineReceived(self, line):
        if self.promptDeferred is None:
        d, self.promptDeferred = self.promptDeferred, None     # 2.

3. Third question, in the factory below, there is an attribute usedUp
set at False by default and set to True late in the buildprotocol
method. There is an assert making sure the factory is only used once,
checking that usedUp is False at the beginning of buildprotocol(). Why
it is so important that the factory must be used only once? What would
happens otherwise?

class SimpleIMAP4ClientFactory(protocol.ClientFactory):
    usedUp = False

    protocol = SimpleIMAP4Client

    def __init__(self, username, onConn):
        self.ctx = ssl.ClientContextFactory()

        self.username = username
        self.onConn = onConn

    def buildProtocol(self, addr):
        assert not self.usedUp           # 3.
        self.usedUp = True

        p = self.protocol(self.ctx)
        p.factory = self
        p.greetDeferred = self.onConn

        auth = imap4.CramMD5ClientAuthenticator(self.username)

        return p

Thanks for your help,

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