[Twisted-Python] From asyncore to twisted

Drew Smathers drew.smathers at gmail.com
Fri May 2 10:20:36 EDT 2008

On Thu, May 1, 2008 at 6:09 PM, Daniel Brandt <daniel.brandt at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello,
>  I'm looking for some advice on how to get started with an asyncore ->
>  Twisted conversion. Being new to  twisted I have some trouble getting
>  started (re)designing my system. All ideas are welcome since I'm also
>  doing this to learn.
>  I am about to convert a message-passing daemon written with asyncore
>  to Twisted, and I have two goals in mind. Code that is easier to
>  maintain and expand, and higher reliability. The last part would
>  probably be achievable while sticking with the present code, but since
>  I keep hearing I really should use Twisted instead, I figured I'd try
>  it out :-).
>  The daemon listens for connections from different peers. Some peers
>  just leave a message and disconnect, some peers connect as receivers
>  and linger waiting for messages. A message will be given to the daemon
>  by a messenger, and forwarded by the daemon to exactly one of the
>  connected receivers. The daemon keeps a data structure (a dict with
>  identifier: channel, actually) of receivers which it cycles through in
>  a round-robin fashion.

One common strategy in twisted is to keep a list of your connected
clients (Protocol instances) as part of  the factory.  See:


So in the dataReceived method on you Protocol, you would do something like:

def dataReceived(self):

>  There are more scenarios as well; (recievers may send status messages
>  back to the daemon that the daemon logs, some messengers linger
>  waiting for confirmation from a receiver and a few other) but they arees,
>  mostly just variations of the above.
>  I'm a bit confused about what parts should be in the Protocol and what
>  should be separated away from it. Should I make a specialized Factory
>  or make a Service (or several depending on what type of client
>  connection it is)?

I think generally it is a good idea to have a specialized Factory as
this binds global state for you Protocol instances.  The server howto
linked above describes this pattern quite well.

>  I realize there is a lot in my description that's open for
>  interpretation, but since I'm mostly after design ideas and good
>  practices, I'm hoping that's OK..

The finger tutorial does a good job of explaining many aspects of
twisted, and this might give you some ideas of how to leverage its
parts for your application:


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