[Twisted-Python] HTTP CONNECT support

Felix Ingram f.ingram.lists at gmail.com
Thu Aug 14 07:26:46 EDT 2008

Hello all,

I posted the following to the web mailing list but on second thoughts
I think that it's kinda a problem with my understanding of the other
parts of the framework, so I'm reposting it here. I'd appreciate any
pointers. It's a bit lengthy, so apologies for that.

I'm looking into adding HTTPS support to the proxy module for some
testing I'm doing. I'd like to be able to trap requests and responses
as they go to and from the server, so proper CONNECT support is not
really what I'm aiming for. I've come up with the following:

from twisted.web import proxy, http
from twisted.internet import reactor, ssl
from twisted.python import log
import sys
import urlparse

from OpenSSL import SSL as OSSL

class MyProxyClient(proxy.ProxyClient):

   def handleEndHeaders(self):

   def handleResponsePart(self, buffer):

   def dataReceived(self, data):
       print "To the Browser"
       print data # Data sent to the browser
       proxy.ProxyClient.dataReceived(self, data)

   def handleResponseEnd(self):
       print "losing connection..."

class MyProxyClientFactory(proxy.ProxyClientFactory):
   def buildProtocol(self, addr):
       client = proxy.ProxyClientFactory.buildProtocol(self, addr)
       client.__class__ = MyProxyClient
       return client

class MySSLContext(ssl.ContextFactory):
   def getContext(self):
       ctx = OSSL.Context(OSSL.SSLv23_METHOD)
       return ctx

class MyProxyRequest(proxy.ProxyRequest):
   protocols = {
           'http': MyProxyClientFactory,
           'https': MyProxyClientFactory
   ports = {
           'http': 80,
           'https': 443

   def requestDone(self, request):
       """Called by first request in queue when it is done."""
       if request != self.requests[0]: raise TypeError
       del self.requests[0]

       if self.persistent:
           # notify next request it can start writing
           if self.requests:
               if self._savedTimeOut:
           print "lOSING CONNECTION"

   def process(self):
       parsed = urlparse.urlparse(self.uri)
       protocol = parsed.scheme
       host = parsed.hostname
       doSSL = False
       if self.method.upper() == "CONNECT":
           self.transport.write("HTTP/1.1 200 Connection established\r\n\r\n")
           protocol = "https"
           self.host = parsed.scheme
           print "finished connect request"
           if self.isSecure():
               headers = self.getAllHeaders().copy()
               host = headers["host"]
               protocol = "https"
               doSSL = True
           port = self.ports[protocol]
           if ':' in host:
               host, port = host.split(':')
               port = int(port)
           rest = urlparse.urlunparse(('', '') + parsed[2:])
           if not rest:
               rest = rest + '/'
           class_ = self.protocols[protocol]
           headers = self.getAllHeaders().copy()
           if 'host' not in headers:
               headers['host'] = host
           self.content.seek(0, 0)
           s = self.content.read()
           clientFactory = class_(self.method, rest, self.clientproto, headers,
                           s, self)
           if not doSSL:
               self.reactor.connectTCP(host, port, clientFactory)
               print "Connecting to SSL"
               self.reactor.connectSSL(host, port, clientFactory,

class MyProxy(proxy.Proxy):
   def dataReceived(self, data):
       print "To the Server"
       print data # Data sent to the server
       proxy.Proxy.dataReceived(self, data)

   def requestFactory(self, *args):
       return MyProxyRequest(*args)

class ProxyFactory(http.HTTPFactory):
       protocol = MyProxy

reactor.listenTCP(8081, ProxyFactory())
log.startLogging(sys.stdout) # Log to the console

Most of the magic is happening in the 'process' method. I've copied
some of the other methods in for debugging. At the moment it's a bit
hackish but it's almost working as expected. When a connect request is
received then the SSL connection is set up as required (using
transport.startTLS). This generates certificate mismatch errors in the
browser, but this is expected and is what I'm looking for as then I can read the
requests as they come through.
The GET request is then received from the browser and forwarded on to the
server. The server appears to be happy with this as it does pass the
appropriate response back to the proxy. For some reason, however, the
browser does not then get passed the response. Comparing identical
requests for the HTTP and HTTPS versions of a site show that the only
apparent difference is that the headers and body are sent in one go
under HTTP and as two separate chunks under HTTPS.

2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] To the Browser
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] HTTP/1.1 200 OK
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Date: Thu, 07 Aug 2008
14:34:15 GMT
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Server: Apache/2.2.9
(Win32) DAV/2 mod_ssl/2.2.9 Ope
nSSL/0.9.8h mod_autoindex_color PHP/5.2.6
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.6
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Content-Length: 1325
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Connection: close
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Content-Type: text/html
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client]
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client]
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] THOSE HEADERS DONE ENDED
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] To the Browser
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <html>
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <head><title>XAMPP</title>
2008-08-07 15:34:15+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <link href="xampp.css"
rel="stylesheet" type="text/c

2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] To the Browser
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] HTTP/1.1 200 OK
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Date: Thu, 07 Aug 2008
14:34:01 GMT
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Server: Apache/2.2.9
(Win32) DAV/2 mod_ssl/2.2.9 Ope
nSSL/0.9.8h mod_autoindex_color PHP/5.2.6
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.6
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Content-Length: 1325
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Connection: close
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] Content-Type: text/html
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client]
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <html>
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <head><title>XAMPP</title>
2008-08-07 15:34:01+0100 [MyProxyClient,client] <link href="xampp.css"
rel="stylesheet" type="text/c

The HTTPS version seems to have an extra line feed being added after
the headers, which may be causing the problem. I've tried stripping
this out but then I get some other exception being thrown and HTTP
traffic stops working.

I've got a feeling that I'm not quite going about this in the correct
way but I'd appreciate any help or insights that anyone could offer.
If you need any more details then please ask.

Many thanks in advance,


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