[Twisted-Python] UDP with multiple connections
exarkun at divmod.com
Tue Oct 9 20:00:43 EDT 2007
On Wed, 10 Oct 2007 00:37:02 +0100, Phil Mayers <p.mayers at imperial.ac.uk> wrote:
>On Tue, 2007-10-09 at 21:21 +0100, Simon Pickles wrote:
>> Ok, UDP is new to me, so please be gentle....
>> I've got a server authentication app which needs to accept many client
>> connections, but also dispatch messages to a master server. Am I best
>> using unconnected UDP?
>You are *best* using TCP. Very few applications are actually suited to
> * has no connection state
> * has no flow control
> * is unfriendly to networks (really the same as the previous point)
> * has no keepalives
> * has problems with MTU and fragmentation for messages > ~1400 bytes
> * is subject to trivial spoofing
> * has no message sequencing
> * is hard to run crypto over (SSL over TCP == trivial)
>...and so on.
>> do i then have to deal with each received
>> datagram by checking which host is has come from and acting accordingly?
>Twisted's UDP support is all "unconnected". All DatagramProtocol
>instances get a call to:
> def datagramReceived(self, data, addr)
>...where "addr=(ip,port)" for IPv4
>Similarly, you would do:
> self.transport.write(bytes, addr)
>So, unconnected UDP is your *only* option, because that's how Twisted
>However, so-called "connected" UDP is really just a way of saving the
>destination address on the socket. There's no *actual* connection
Everything else here is right, but one correction: Twisted does support
"connected" UDP, via IUDPTransport.connect(). This is indeed little more
than a convenience API, though. You get to skip passing the address
argument to transport.write() if you use it, and you _may_ receive
connectionFailed notification (which, for example, tells you if you are
sending packets to a port where no application is listening for them),
if all the involved routers decide to cooperate (they frequently will not).
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