[Twisted-Python] [PATCH] manhole example, docs update

Brian Warner warner at lothar.com
Wed Sep 25 08:07:48 EDT 2002

Based upon a suggestion by Acapnotic, I wrote up a small example of how to
get started with the 'manhole' service (both a server and a transcript of
accessing the Application and changing the type of server). It's attached
here, in the form of a patch to docs/howto/manhole.html, and a sample server
to put in docs/examples/manhole.py . Hope you find it useful.

-------------- next part --------------
#! /usr/bin/python

# demonstrate use of manhole to modify a running server

from twisted.internet.app import Application
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory
from twisted.protocols.wire import QOTD
from twisted.tap.manhole import Options, updateApplication

app = Application("manhole-demo")

# add QOTD server
f = Factory()
f.protocol = QOTD
app.listenTCP(8123, f)

# add manhole with username and password
o = Options()
o.parseOptions(["--user", "username", "--password", "sekrit"])
updateApplication(app, o)

-------------- next part --------------
Index: doc/howto/manhole.html
RCS file: /cvs/Twisted/doc/howto/manhole.html,v
retrieving revision 1.6
diff -u -r1.6 manhole.html
--- doc/howto/manhole.html	20 Jun 2002 09:37:48 -0000	1.6
+++ doc/howto/manhole.html	25 Sep 2002 11:55:09 -0000
@@ -39,6 +39,24 @@
     can type arbitrary python code into the input area and get the
     results in the output area.</p>
+    <p>At this point, you can get access to the main <code class="API"
+    base="twisted.internet.app">Application</code> object. You can use that
+    to obtain the <code class="API" base="twisted.spread.pb">Service</code>
+    objects inside it, or references to the <code class="API"
+    base="twisted.internet.protocol">Factory</code> objects that are
+    listening on TCP or UDP ports, by doing:</p>
+<pre class="python-interpreter">
+from twisted.internet import app
+a = app.theApplication
+service = a.getServiceNamed("manhole")
+(port, factory, backlog, interface) = a.tcpPorts[0]
+    <p>After that, you can do anything you want with those objects. A more
+    detailed example is at the bottom of this document.</p>
     <h2>Special Commands</h2>
     <p>There are a few special commands so far that make debugging
@@ -130,6 +148,71 @@
     brought to you by the <code
     class="API">twisted.python.explorer</code> module, which was
     written largely by Kevin Turner.</p>
+    <h2>Example</h2>
+    <p>Here's an example of using the manhole service to examine and modify
+    a running server. The sample code starts a Quote Of The Day (<code
+    class="API" base="twisted.protocols.wire">QOTD</code>) server on port
+    8123, as well as a manhole service on the usual port 8787.</p>
+    <a href="../examples/manhole.py" class="py-listing">manhole.py</a>
+    <p>Start this running, and test it out with <code class="shell">nc
+    localhost 8123</code> (or <code class="shell">telnet localhost
+    8123</code> if you don't have netcat installed).</p>
+<pre class="shell">
+% nc localhost 8123
+An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
+    <p>Then start the <tt>manhole</tt> client and point it at the
+    application: username is <tt>username</tt>, password is <tt>sekrit</tt>.
+    The following is a transcript of the manhole session, and looks just
+    like the normal python interpreter, with lines you type prefixed with
+    <tt>&gt;&gt;&gt;</tt>.</p>
+<pre class="python-interpreter">
+Hello username, welcome to twisted.manhole in manhole-demo on some computer somewhere.
+Twisted 0.99.2rc2.
+&gt;&gt;&gt; from twisted.internet import app
+&gt;&gt;&gt; a = app.theApplication
+&gt;&gt;&gt; a
+&lt;'manhole-demo' app&gt;
+&gt;&gt;&gt; a.getServiceNamed("twisted.manhole")
+&lt;twisted.manhole.service.Service instance at 0x82d63dc&gt;
+&gt;&gt;&gt; a.tcpPorts
+[(8123, &lt;twisted.internet.protocol.Factory instance at 0x82da454&gt;, 5, ''), (8787, &lt;twisted.spread.pb.BrokerFactory instance at 0x82dac7c&gt;, 5, '')]
+&gt;&gt;&gt; f = a.tcpPorts[0][1]
+&gt;&gt;&gt; f
+&lt;twisted.internet.protocol.Factory instance at 0x82da454&gt;
+&gt;&gt;&gt; dir(f)
+['__doc__', '__implements__', '__module__', 'buildProtocol', 'doStart', 'doStop', 'noisy', 'numPorts', 'protocol', 'startFactory', 'stopFactory']
+&gt;&gt;&gt; from twisted.protocols.wire import Daytime
+&gt;&gt;&gt; a.tcpPorts[0][1].protocol = Daytime
+    <p>Congratulations, you've just changed the Factory to use the <code
+    class="API" base="twisted.protocols.wire">Daytime</code> protocol
+    instead of the <code class="API"
+    base="twisted.protocols.wire">QOTD</code> protocol. Connect to port 8123
+    now and see the difference: you get a timestamp instead of a quote:</p>
+<pre class="shell">
+% nc localhost 8123
+Wed Sep 25 11:14:58 2002
+    <p>From here, you can do anything you want to your application. It is a
+    good idea to check the source for the <code class="API"
+    base="twisted.internet.app">Application</code> and <code class="API"
+    base="twisted.cred.service">Service</code> classes to see what else you
+    can extract from them.</p>
+    <p>Have fun!</p>
     <hr />

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