Creating and working with a names (DNS) server

  1. Creating a non-authoritative server
  2. Creating an authoritative server

A Names server can be perform three basic operations:

Creating a non-authoritative server

The first two of these are easy, and you can create a server that performs them with the command twistd -n dns --recursive --cache. You may wish to run this as root since it will try to bind to UDP port 53. Try performing a lookup with it, dig twistedmatrix.com @127.0.0.1.

Creating an authoritative server

To act as the authority for a domain, two things are necessary: the address of the machine on which the domain name server will run must be registered as a nameserver for the domain; and the domain name server must be configured to act as the authority. The first requirement is beyond the scope of this howto and will not be covered.

To configure Names to act as the authority for example-domain.com, we first create a zone file for this domain.

Next, run the command twistd -n dns --pyzone example-domain.com. Now try querying the domain locally (again, with dig): dig -t any example-domain.com @127.0.0.1.

Names can also read a traditional, BIND-syntax zone file. Specify these with the --bindzone parameter. The $GENERATE and $INCLUDE directives are not yet supported.

Index

Version: 13.2.0